What are the ankle ligaments? The most common ankle injuries involve lateral ligament damage and are one of the most prevalent seen by physiotherapists. Approximately 7-10% of emergency department hospital admissions are due to ankle strains1. The lateral ankle ligament is a complex of three different ligaments including the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), and the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL). [...]
What is the ACL? One of the major four knee ligaments, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is critical for knee stability, functioning to control joint mobility and prevent abnormal knee motion. The ACL is located within the knee joint and connects the front of the proximal tibia (located just below the knee joint at the [...]
What is the Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)? The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is one of several ligaments that provide knee joint stability. The LCL is located on the outer edge of the knee joint and connects the outer aspect of the fibula with the femur. The LCL helps to prevent excessive side to side movements and [...]
What are the acromio-clavicular ligaments? Tears of the acromio-clavicular ligaments are the most common form of shoulder injuries. They are most commonly associated with young, athletic adults involved in throwing sports, collision sports, and overhead exercises such as extreme strength training. Approximately 3% of all shoulder injuries involve torn acromio-clavicular ligaments, and 40% of sports injuries to [...]
What is the Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)? There are several ligaments that are vital for the stability of the knee joint. One of these is the medial collateral ligament (MCL). This ligament is located on the inner edge of the knee and helps to secure the inside of the joint and stop the knee from [...]
SUMMARY In this article you will learn about the various potential long-term health complications associated with metal hip prosthesis. For several decades metal prostheses have been used to replace joints, particularly the hip joint. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about the effects these metal implants have on the body and the possible problems with metal prosthesis [...]
Why hip replacement? One of the largest joints in the human body is the hip. A healthy hip joint will be surrounded by cartilage to support the joints and stop the bones from rubbing against each other. The ‘ball and socket joint’ is connected by ligaments and lubricated to help prevent friction. SUMMARY In this [...]
Why knee surgery?  In cases of advanced stages of knee osteoarthritis (coxarthrosis) the articular cartilage may be completely destroyed. This is usually accompanied by severe inflammation and pain. This can be very debilitating as mobility is significantly reduced. SUMMARY In this article you will learn about the different treatment options in cases of severe knee osteoarthritis, [...]
SUMMARY In this article you will learn what an arthroscopy is, why it is commonly performed and what risks it entails. Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that allows surgeons to view, diagnose and treat the inside of large joints. The word arthroscopy comes from the Greek words ‘athros’ (joint) and ‘scopos’ (to look). VIDEO SUMMARY - [...]
Surgery types Depending on the severity of articular arthrosis and the location, there are certain operations that may be appropriate. These operations involve the mechanical engagement with the affected joint(s). Arthroscopy This is considered a “minimally invasive” surgery. Under local anaesthesia, a small opening usually only the size of a pinhead is used to insert a [...]