What are the ankle ligaments? The most common ankle injuries involve lateral ligament damage and are one of the most prevalent seen by physiotherapists. Approximately 7-10% of emergency department hospital admissions are due to ankle strains1. The lateral ankle ligament is a complex of three different ligaments including the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), and the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL). [...]
What is the ACL? One of the major four knee ligaments, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is critical for knee stability, functioning to control joint mobility and prevent abnormal knee motion. The ACL is located within the knee joint and connects the front of the proximal tibia (located just below the knee joint at the [...]
What is the Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)? The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is one of several ligaments that provide knee joint stability. The LCL is located on the outer edge of the knee joint and connects the outer aspect of the fibula with the femur. The LCL helps to prevent excessive side to side movements and [...]
What is the Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)? There are several ligaments that are vital for the stability of the knee joint. One of these is the medial collateral ligament (MCL). This ligament is located on the inner edge of the knee and helps to secure the inside of the joint and stop the knee from [...]
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease, OA, or osteoarthrosis, is a form of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and the eventual loss of cartilage in the joints -  cartilage wears down slowly over time. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. The progression, or stages of osteoarthritis extends over several years, [...]
Early arthritis detection is difficult, it is a degenerative joint disease that can begin early in life. However, the changes in articular cartilage are usually only detected after the patient begins to experience pain. This may be years or even decades after the initial cartilage injury. Unfortunately, joint pain is usually a sign of advanced [...]
There are approximately 10 million people in the UK alone suffering from some form of arthritis. 80% of them suffer from osteoarthritis, marked by pain in the weight-bearing joints (knees, hips, back) due to excessive wear and tear. NSAIDs and painkillers Long-term sufferers of osteoarthritis are often dependent on pain relief medication. During the early stages of the disease, [...]
“Arthritis” is a term used to describe a wide range of conditions that negatively impact the musculoskeletal system. The word arthritis is Greek for joint inflammation, one of the defining symptoms of the disease. All patients suffering from arthritis will experience some level of discomfort and pain. Arthritis pain varies in severity and duration depending on the underlying [...]